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1938

née à Berlin

1972 bis 1975

Danseuse pour Gerhard Bohner à Darmstadt

De 1976

assistante au Tanztheater Wuppertal

1977 bis 1979

Danseuse dans quatre créations de Pina Bausch

1980 bis 2016

creátrice des costumes au Tanztheater Wuppertal

2 décembre 2023

meurt à Wuppertal


Biographie

Marion Cito

was born in 1938 in Berlin where she began dance lessons from the age of ten with Tatjana Gsovsky, who later recruited her for the Deutsche Oper Berlin. Marion Cito soon rose to become the top soloist, performing in Gsovsky works as well as choreographies by George Balanchine, Kenneth McMillan, Serge Lifar, John Cranko and Antony Tudor. Her strength was characterisation. She was also open to new ideas, dancing in the first pieces by her colleague Gerhard Bohner. In 1972, when Bohner took over as head of the Darmstadt Ballet Marion Cito went with him. But after three years the project ended due to differences with the theatre management. She now no longer wished to dance for health reasons. In 1976 Pina Bausch invited her to Wuppertal as her assistant, then persuaded her to return to the stage once more, due to casting issues, for Bluebeard, Komm, tanz mit mir (Come dance with me) and Renate wandert aus (Renate Emigrates).

From dancer to costume designer

Another change came in 1980. When Pina Bausch’s personal and professional partner Rolf Borzik died, she asked Marion Cito to take over designing the costumes. Given that the Tanztheater Wuppertal’s working methods engaged intensively with the dancers’ personalities the costumes had to be individual too and yet must also form an overall picture. They should evoke everyday life yet also exceed it. Beauty and elegance alternated with simplicity and minimalism. Alongside that there must always be space for a childish pleasure in dressing up, which generated strange and perplexing figures: a muscular man playing the god of love, shooting arrows in a tight lurex miniskirt; a man switching between cantankerous grandma and romantic ballerina in a long tutu. Men frequently appear in women’s clothes in the pieces, not for a superficial drag look but to place a question mark behind established gender roles. Clothes make the man; they are part of the role play between the sexes and they play on the social environment.

Delicate balances

For each production Marion Cito supplied a wealth of samples, buying fabric and clothes on their extended tours all over the world. Each time she was forced to rely on her intuition. Before rehearsals started, she had to sense which direction a piece might perhaps head in and plan accordingly, otherwise neither she nor the workshops could keep pace with the development of the piece. Because the pieces were assembled relatively late in the process, the practical issues only emerged towards the end: insufficient time to change, colour combinations created through constellations on stage which weren’t initially planned. Extreme flexibility and rapid reactions were required. The increasingly extensive maintenance of the repertoire was also highly labour-intensive, including urgent re-casting and, not infrequently, pregnant dancers. Her work resembled a game with endless variables and multiple unknown factors and yet over the years she developed a masterful serenity derived from a deep love of the pieces and their world view. It was only in 2016, after forty years, that Marion Cito bade farewell to the Tanztheater Wuppertal to retire. Marion Cito died in Wuppertal on 2 December 2023.

Text by Norbert Servos
Translated by Steph Morris


Galerie


Création de pièces

Saison 1980/81
Bandonéon

Costumes

Saison 1981/82
Walzer

Costumes

Saison 1982/83
Saison 1984/85
Saison 1985/86
Viktor

Costumes, Collaboration

Saison 1986/87
Ahnen

Costumes

Saison 1989/90
Saison 1990/91
Tanzabend II

Costumes

Saison 1993/94
Saison 1994/95
Danzón

Costumes, Collaboration

Saison 1995/96
Nur Du

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 1996/97
Der Fensterputzer (Le laveur de vitres)

assistants du metteur en scène, Costumes

Saison 1997/98
Masurca Fogo

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 1998/99
O Dido

Costumes, Collaboration

Saison 1999/2000
Kontakthof. Avec des dames et messieurs de plus de 65 ans

Collaboration, Costumes d´après les croquis de Rolf Borzik

Saison 1999/2000
Wiesenland (Terre verte)

Costumes, Collaboration

Saison 2000/01
Água

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 2001/02
Saison 2002/03
Nefés

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 2003/04
Ten Chi

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 2004/05
Rough Cut

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 2005/06
Vollmond (Pleine lune)

Collaboration, Costumes

Saison 2006/07
Bamboo Blues

Costumes, Collaboration

Saison 2007/08
'Sweet Mambo'

Collaboration, Costumes


Á chaque œuvre de Pina Bausch, j’avais une irrésistible admiration pour les costumes de Marion qui épousaient si intimement le « Corps » et les mouvements des danseurs, communiquant au mieux les intentions de notre amie chorégraphe.

Yohji Yamamoto, 2014

Les costumes de Marion Cito sont des éléments capitaux du travail de Pina Bausch, tant dans son esthétique que dans sa théâtralité. Ses costumes ont rendu exemplaire l’élégance naturelle des femmes et des hommes du Tanztheater de Wuppertal.

Ils mettent en valeur la personnalité des chacun des danseurs, subliment leurs mouvements et font ressortir toute l’harmonie qui caractérise cette exceptionnelle communauté du Tanztheater de Wuppertal.

Anne Teresa de Keersmaeker, 2014

Dans les archives Pina Bausch
Marion Cito


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